The Merbau Tree is a relatively large species, with an average height of about 50 feet. The Merbau trunk can grow up to more than 5 feet in width and grows with a strong wide spreading buttress. The Merbau Tree is native to Southeast area of Asia and can be found in a wide variety of countries, such as Australia and Indonesia
Botanical Name: Intsia spp.
Country of Origin: The Merbau tree grows predominantly in South-East Asia, in countries such as India, Philippines, Indonesia and in several Pacific Islands. Some species of the Merbau Tree can also be found in certain parts of Australia.
Species and Names: Some other names used for the Merbau species include: Intsia biuga, Intsia palembanica, Ipil (Philippine name) and Kwila.
Look and Color: The Merbau Hardwood color is mostly a dark brown tint with some reddish tones in the pattern. Ironically, the sapwood of the Merbau tree is predominantly light, with bright whitish colors. The heartwood of the Merbau tree is much darker with a brownish red color pattern. When first cut, Merbau heartwood has a much brighter orange yellowish color, however with time and exposure, the color gets darker and darker. Another unique and interesting aspect of the Merbau look and color is that sometimes there are golden-yellowish “flecks” within the color pattern, which give the hardwood a vibrant and shiny look. Most Merbau Hardwood Flooring consists of a medium to high color variation.
Grain Texture: The Merbau Hardwood texture is predominantly fairly coarse. Merbau hardwood usually has a straight to slightly interlocked, wavy grain. Some of the Merbau hardwood boards have an attractive, ribbon figuring.
Hardness and Strength: The Merbau species is a very strong, hard wood. On the Janka Hardness Test, the Merbau received a score of 1925, which is 49% percent harder than the Northern Red Oak hardwood species. The Merbau species had also an excellent moisture resistance, with a Dimensional Stability score of 4.6 – 47% more stable than the Red Oak species.
Uses in the Wood Industry: Thanks to its great durability, resistance and strength, the Merbau species has been used in all kinds of places within the wood industry. Today it’s possible to find Merbau furniture, cabinets, joinery, musical instruments and of course Merbau Hardwood Flooring.