From a Botanical point of view the bamboo species is not considered to be a Tree, instead it is seen to be a kind of Grass. The Bamboo Family is composed by a large group of about 1000 perennial evergreen species. Some of these species are relatively small and some of them run among some of the largest types of grass known to man. New Bamboo shoots can grow up to 3’ feet per day. The bamboo tree is a plant native to the Asian continent, but it may also be found in various parts of the world. The Bamboo species is extremely important within China and has been used for centuries in the production of things such as paper, construction materials and food.
Botanical Name: Phyllostachys spp.
Country of Origin: The Bamboo species which is used predominantly for Hardwood Flooring is found growing mostly in China and Vietnam. There are other types Bamboo species which grow all over the world, in areas such as Australia, India, Africa and the Americas.
Species and Names: There are over 1000 bamboo species in the world. Each Culture has its own unique name for the bamboo. For example, in China the Bamboo wood species is called Zhu, in Japan you can find it under the name Take and Tre in Vietnam.
Look and Color: The Bamboo is not a real wood and the process of making Bamboo Hardwood Flooring is unique and different from other hardwood flooring manufacturing. There are two looks available: Bamboo Natural and Bamboo Carbonized. The Natural Bamboo has a very bright creamy yellowish color, which is very similar to that of the Maple Natural color. The Carbonized Bamboo Hardwood has darker brownish color which looks somewhat similar to the color of the Oak species. Another kind of Bamboo Hardwood available is the Strand Woven style. This style comes in both Natural and Carbonized colors and is considered to be much stronger and durable than its Bamboo alternatives. This is because the Strand Woven Bamboo is layers upon layers of handcrafted Bamboo, which makes it even stronger and longer lasting than Classic Solid Hardwood Flooring.
Grain Texture: The grain pattern on Bamboo is derived from the specific manufacturing process used when creating the Bamboo Hardwood. There are two ways of laminating the bamboo strips: Horizontal Bamboo and Vertical Bamboo. Both of these Laminating styles come in Natural and Carbonized color. The Strand Woven Bamboo is a hybrid of the Horizontal and Vertical styles.
Hardness and Strength: In not being a “true” wood, the Bamboo species varies in strength and durability depending on the manufacturing process and the selected Bamboo stalks used. Usually, older Bamboo plants will result in a stronger and harder Bamboo Hardwood. On the Janka Hardness Test the Carbonized Bamboo received a score of 1180 while the Natural Bamboo is slightly harder with a score of 1380. When comparing to popular Hardwood styles, the Red Oak Hardwood receives a score of 1290, a way between the two Bamboo styles. Strand Woven Bamboo Hardwood is considered to be the strongest, hardest style within the Bamboo industry. As for the Dimensional Stability test, the Bamboo plant reacts very well to moisture, which is an effect of the specific engineered construction and manufacturing of Bamboo Hardwood.
Uses in the Wood Industry: The Bamboo plant is a very useful wood species that is growing in popularity around the globe and being used in a variety of industries. In Asia it is well known as a source of food and is used for all kinds of materials and constructions. Within the Hardwood Industry, the Bamboo species has nearly an infinite amount of uses. It is well used in residential construction, fences, bridges, toilets, walking sticks, canoes, tableware, furniture, chopsticks, food steamers, toys and much, much more. The Bamboo Wood has also been used for making musical instruments, skateboards and surfboards. The Bamboo Hardwood flooring industry is constantly growing, with new products made daily. Bamboo has had an increase in demand due to its fast reproductive features, unlike the “Tree” species such as Oak, Brazilian Teak and Maple, the Bamboo Hardwood takes a couple years to mature, making it one of the most environmentally friendly products.